Get Australian wildlifeAntilopine Kangaroo
Somewhere around 83 percent of mammals, 89 percent of reptiles, 90 percent of fish species and insects, and 93 percent of amphibians are endemic to the region of Australia. It is believed that the geographic isolation of this continent and tectonic activity are the two main factors that are responsible for the high degree of endemism is that the Australian continent. Given below are more such interesting facts about various groups of animals found here.
Mammals of Australia
The mammals of Australia are divided into monotremes such as platypus and echidna short beak, and marsupials such as kangaroos and wallabies. Although the lack of placental mammals on this continent is a unique feature in itself, the vacuum created by the absence is filled by marsupials found here. Of the 334 species of marsupials on the planet, about 70 percent are on the Australian continent alone. The list includes names of Australian marsupials such as kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, possums, wombats, etc. Even the Thylacine, AKA the Tasmanian tiger, which was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times, was endemic in the Australian continent.
Somewhere around 800 species of birds are found in Australia, of which about 350 are endemic to the region. The birds here are Weebill, which is only 8 cm, to EMU, the flightless bird that can grow to a height of 6.6 m The list of Australian birds are Old World species (such as emu and cassowaries) , passerines (such as Robins and handles) as well as some species of recent introduction as the European Goldfinch and Common Myna. The coastal regions of Australia are home to somewhere around 200 species of birds, including species such as petrels, albatrosses, gulls and terns. The south coast of the Australian continent is home to the smallest species of penguins around the world, the little penguin.
Green Sea Turtle
Somewhere around 860 species of reptiles on the planet are found in Australia, including some of the known species of turtles such as green sea turtle and sea turtle leather, lizard, bearded dragon as the Eastern and thick tail gecko, snakes and Death Adder Common Tree Snake Brown as well as species of freshwater and saltwater crocodiles. (The saltwater crocodile, which prides itself on being the world's largest species of reptiles, is a native of Australia.) These reptiles: snakes and lizards, in particular, have different abilities to adapt to survive in regions that help Australia arid, where few other species can survive. Interestingly, the Australian continent boasts of being the only continent in the world where the number of poisonous snakes far exceeds the number of non-poisonous snakes.
Other species found in Australia
In addition to mammals, birds and reptiles, Australia is also home to a variety of amphibians, several species of fish and invertebrates. Amphibians found on the Australian mainland are restricted to frogs. About 230 of 5,280 species of frogs are there in the world in Australia, that somewhere around 93 percent are endemic to the region. These include species such as sapo-cururu, Australian Green Tree Frog, Frog poor, Turtle Frog, Wood Frog Australian, etc. Over 4,400 species of fish found in rivers of the continent of Australia. Some of the more common species include annoying, Shoemaker, Murray cod and Australian bass. E 'which may come as a surprise to many, but invertebrates make up 96 percent of the 200,000 Australians strange animals, and 90 percent of these invertebrates are believed to be endemic in Australia.
With all these species to his credit, certainly deserves the title of "mega-diverse country" Australia, which is called delay. While these facts about Australian fauna make this island nation may seem a haven for the species, the fact is that so far the animals are subjected to an imminent threat of extinction. As with many other parts of the world, climate change has emerged as a serious threat to the diverse ecosystems of the Australian continent. This put the authorities on their feet, with organizations such as the Australian Wildlife Conservancy doing their best to reach conservation measures to save the animals are here. If the issue of wildlife conservation is key across the world, is of utmost importance to Australia as most species are endemic here, and its extinction in this region would mean the extinction of the entire planet.